After you’ve received feedback on your draft and you’re confident that your manuscript is ready to submit, you’re ready for a copyedit. Copyediting involves the correction of grammar, mechanics, punctuation, and the application of a style guide, like AP or the Chicago Manual of Style (and/or your publisher’s style guide). With your content and argument established, we can clean up your manuscript so that your ideas shine!
Copyediting includes some or all of the following:
- Fixing grammar and spelling mistakes
- Improving the flow of sentences
- Correcting punctuation
- Correcting or formatting citations (foot- or end notes and/or bibliography or reference list)
- Applying a style guide like the Chicago Manual or your publisher’s house style
- Document formatting (at the section, chapter, and book levels)
- Improving word choice
- Ensuring consistency (at the word and manuscript level)
- Eliminating repetition
- Basic fact-checking (e.g., names, places, pronouns)
- Glaring issues with argumentation, content, or evidence (see developmental editing services for more help with this!)
Typical projects that need copyediting vary widely, from application essays to catalogue texts, course papers to dissertations, journal articles to full book manuscripts, and everything in between. These texts have already been copiously edited by the author and/or their trusted advisors and are ready for the final cleanup stage before submission or design.
Levels of Copyediting: There are three different levels of copyediting, and we will help you determine what level your manuscript needs when we see the manuscript. For reference, the more work the manuscript requires, the higher the level.
- Light: Correct grammar and punctuation, apply style guide to text and citations
- Medium: Correct grammar and punctuation; improve word choice or voice; apply style guide to text and correct citations
- Heavy: Correct language, grammar, and punctuation; reformat text; apply style guide to text; overhaul citations
Price: Copyediting rates range based on the type of client, difficulty of the text, and turnaround time. Please see our manuscript editing page for up-to-date pricing. We can provide you with an estimate upon reviewing the text, and the exact rate will be determined by a sample edit. If your text is less than 2,000 words, you can also purchase our short-form copyediting online.
Includes: Our professional services include one full editorial “pass” to the manuscript and one shorter second pass once the author has responded to queries (must be completed within one month of first pass). Any subsequent passes must be performed within a reasonable timeframe and will be based on the editor’s availability. For graduate student edits, we offer only one editorial pass.
When? Right before you submit to the publisher, your committee, or for review. Basically any time you need clean copy.
How long does it take? A general rule of thumb is 25–35k words per week.
Need help with something else?
The Big Picture
Improve organization and structure
Suggest ways to expand or cut back evidence
Respond to or address peer-reviewer feedback
Tell a better "story" with your manuscript
Improve overall writing style and word choice
Improve sentence syntax
Address transitions between sentences and paragraphs
"Smooth" rough translations to English from another language
Dramatically cut word count